Situated just 37 km from Agra, Fatehpur Sikri evokes reminiscence of history among Indians. The golden period of history can be associated to the Mughal period. Standing for all the architectural marvels of Mughal time, the city beckons thousands of tourists every year. The city is a fine example of Mughal architecture.
Fatehpur Sikri holds an interesting story behind its construction. Akbar, a great ruler had dreamed of conquering the nation. As he had no son, he was desperate to get an heir who could retain his glory in future. He went to seek the blessings of Shaikh Salim Chisti, a Sufi saint living at a carvan near Sikri.
With the blessings of the Saint, he became the proud father of son and to honour the saint, he built the city.
Architecture of Fatehpur Sikri
The city has many monuments, offering glimpse of the wonderful style of Mughal architecture.
Surrounded with a 11 km huge wall on its three sides, the city has a lake on its fourth side.
The entire structure reflects an interesting influence of Hindu, Jain and Muslim architecture. Around the city, many gates are there namely Delhi Gate, the Lal Gate, Birbal's Gate, the Agra Gate, Chandanpal Gate, The Gwalior Gate, the Chor Gate, the Tehra Gate and the Ajmere Gate.
Start your journey of Fatehpur Sikri with Diwan-I-Am, which is also known as the 'Hall of Public Audience'. Constructed to conduct the general meetings of the king with his people, the hall served as a venue for celebrations as well as public prayers.
This two-storied building is called as the 'Hall of Private Audience'. It has many corner kiosks. While entering you can find a single valuated chamber. In the centre, there is a lavishly carved column. Four narrow causeways from the center can be used to reach every corner of the chamber.
Dargah of Sheikh Salim Chisti
It is a Dargah (holy place), constructed by Akbar in the honour of the Sufi Saint. With the blessings of the saint, Akbar became the proud father of son. The exquisite lattice work in the Dargah is the finest to be seen anywhere in the country.
The Jami Masjid
This sacred place is amongst the largest mosques in India. Built in 1571 AD, it has the Jammat Khana Hall to the right corner of it. Next to this, lies the tomb of the royal women. To the left of the masjid, there is Stone Cutters' mosque, the oldest place of worship at Fatehpur Sikri.
Erected in the year 1602 AD to celebrate Akbar's victory over Deccan, Buland Darwaza is considered as the grand gateway in India. It is also entitled with the biggest in the world.
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